Thinking Humanity

Subscribe to Thinking Humanity feed
Freedom of Speech, Human Values, Human Rights & Justice!
Updated: 1 hour 29 min ago

Extraordinary Flowers With Galaxy Patterns On Their Petals

Sat, 2017-08-12 16:57

If you want to gaze at distant galaxies, but you don’t own a strong enough telescope, then here is a solution for you. All you have to do is to buy yourself some beautiful Night Sky Petunias, the deep purple flowers that have galaxy patterns on their petals.

Night Sky Petunias, scientifically known as Petunia cultivars, is a deep purple flower characterized by the extraordinary patterns on their petals. As their name suggests, these amazing plants bloom to reveal a plethora of white stars reminding distant clusters of galaxies.

Their unique patterns are the result of a fluctuation between night and day temperatures, so if yo want to grow your own Petunia cultivars, then you should keep them warm in the day (approximately 100° F) and cool at night (around 50°F) to yield the most spectacular results.

If you want to grow a little personal galaxy, then search in Amazon to find a pack of Night Sky Petunia seeds.

More info: Amazon (h/t: mymodernmet)







J. Parker




Magpie feathers



Breathtaking Pictures Of The Valdaro Lovers, A Pair Of Skeletons That Had Been Locked For 6,000 Years

Wed, 2017-08-09 20:22

The Valdaro Lovers are two skeletons who have been locked in an eternal embrace for 6,000 years. The embracing skeletons were found in 2007, at a Neolithic tomb next to the village of Valdaro in Mantua, Italy.

According to scientists, the partners were probably no older than 20 years old when they died and were around 5’2″ (157 cm) in height. An osteological examination showed that there was no evidence of violent death. As many historians believe, the couple died that way because of the flints tools that were discovered with them. The male skeleton was found having a flint arrowhead beside his neck, while the female had a long stone blade along her thigh as well as two flint knives under her pelvis.

The Lovers of Valdaro. Photo Credit

The skeletons were found in 2007 in the village of Valdaro. Photo Credit
A possible explanation is that the flint tools were buried as grave goods together with the lovers. It's fascinating that their bodies were positioned that way after they died. They were discovered in a necropolis, so they didn't die that way by accident, rather, it is claimed that they were positioned that way.

It's even more impressive that, during the Neolithic period, double burials were really uncommon which makes their position unique. The embracing skeletons are the only situation of a double burial in Northern Italy. When they were discovered, the media published pictures of them, causing great excitement across the globe.

The pair of skeletons dates back 6, 000 years. Photo Credit
Since the skeletons were discovered just ten years ago, it is extremely challenging to define anything about them so quickly. It's a long process where every bone will have to be examined thoroughly. However, as Elena Maria Menotti, the archaeologist who led the excavation, decided, the couple shouldn't be separated, but they should be moved and preserved as they were discovered. So, the excavation team dug up the block of the earth in which they were found and put them in a wooden box.

The Lovers are on display at the Archaeological Museum in Mantua, Italy. Photo Credit
The skeletons were sent to the Musei Civici in Como. In September 2011, the Valdaro Lovers were finally displayed in public at the Mantua’s Archaeological Museum.

As explained by professor Silvia Bangoli, the president of the association “Lovers in Mantua”, approximately €250,000 should be enough for the skeletons to have an exhibition center of their own. Also, Bangoli said that €200,000 more could be used for a multimedia space where the world could hear the story of the embracing skeletons. The association “Lovers of Mantua”, is still searching for a home for the ancient lovers where they can be displayed permanently.

Reference: The Vintage News

Coconut Oil Is Not As Healthy As You Think And Here Is Why

Wed, 2017-08-09 20:16

It's hard to find someone who doesn’t like coconuts. After all, they are fury spheres of deliciousness. However, coconut water is pointless as it doesn’t have any clear health benefits; it’s actually just a saltier version of normal water.

And, then, there’s coconut oil. It is the latest cooking fad; people all over the Internet are constantly claiming that it is much healthier than any other oil that exists. Well, bad news, but according to the American Heart Association (AHA), coconut oil is just as unhealthy as butter and beef dripping.

Based on a key advisory notice published in the journal Circulation – which refers all kinds of fats as well as their links to cardiovascular disease – coconut oil is actually packed with saturated fats. In fact, 82% of coconut oil is comprised out of saturated fats, far more than in regular butter (63), peanut oil (17), olive oil (14), and sunflower oil (10).

Unlike others, saturated fat can increase the amount of bad cholesterol in our bloodstream, which raises our risk of contracting heart disease in the future. We find it in butter and lard, cakes, biscuits, fatty meats, cheese, and cream, among other things – including coconut oil.

“A recent survey reported that 72% of the American public rated coconut oil as a ‘healthy food’ compared with 37% of nutritionists,” notes the AHA’s review. “This disconnect between lay and expert opinion can be attributed to the marketing of coconut oil in the popular press.”

A meta-analysis of a suite of experiments has finally shown that butter and coconut oil, regarding increasing the amount of bad cholesterol in our bodies, are just as bad as each other.

The AHA advises against the use of coconut oil, since it raises bad cholesterol, which is a cause of cardiovascular disease, while having no known offsetting favorable effects. In reality, there is nothing to gain and everything to lose by consuming coconut oil.

STOP. Do not do this. Africa Studio/Shutterstock
In case you already have high bad cholesterol levels, that means coconut oil is potentially very dangerous for you to consume or use in cooking. Replacing it by olive oil, according to the AHA, will drop your cholesterol levels the same as cutting-edge, cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Nevertheless, it’s important to remember that a little bit of fat is absolutely good for you, since fatty acids are necessary for proper absorption of vitamins. Unsaturated fats are thought to be quite good for you in this regard. You'll find them in avocados, fish oil, nuts, and seeds.

[H/T: BBC News]

Countless Americans Believe That Brown Cows Produce Chocolate Milk

Wed, 2017-08-09 20:16

Debbie Waumsley/Pixabay/IFLS
If you visit the Innovation Center for US Dairy's website, the question that's asked more often is whether chocolate milk comes from brown cows!

The answer is simple: any flavored milk comes from any cow, but it just contains (what else?) flavoring and sweeteners.

Unfortunately, this message doesn't seem to be clear to the American public, since a survey commissioned by the Center has discovered that a whopping 7% of Americans still believe that chocolate milk comes directly out of brown cows.

If you do the math, that's 16.4 million people worldwide who believe that chocolate milkshake can potentially be drunk directly from a cow's udder, as Food and Wine reports.

The nationally representative survey becomes more alarming. 48% of respondents admitted that they weren't certain about where chocolate milk comes from. In case this is true for people across the entire globe, this would mean that 154,272,000 potential voters are not confident enough to guess "cows?".

Stilton does not come from blue cows, by the way. Pexels/IFLS
Unluckily, this isn't the only case of Americans being misinformed about where food comes from. As a study in the early '90s found, 20% of adults did not know that hamburgers are made of cows' meat.

Also, Innovation Center for US Dairy's study discovered that 37% of people secretly drank milk straight out of its container in the fridge, in really poor etiquette. Another 29% use their kids as an excuse to buy chocolate milk so that they drink it themselves.

Finally, the survey of over 1,000 adults reports that 95% of Americans keep some cheese in their fridge. Let's just hope that they don't think blue cheese comes from blue cows!

Being Able To Forget Some Things Easily Might Actually Be A Good Thing For Your Brain

Wed, 2017-08-09 20:15

There is a new popular story according to which being forgetful might be a sign that your brain is working properly. Not finding easy to recall unnecessary details might actually prove that your brain is better at separating what's important from what's trivial.

The idea isn't new, but this recent research, conducted by the University of Toronto and published in the journal Neuron, supports the claim.

The researchers discovered that the growth of new neurons in the hippocampus, the part of the brain that's associated with memory, appeared to promote forgetting. The goal was to make space for more significant information and get rid of useless details.

Professor Blake Richards, the lead author on the study, stated that although we all tend to admire a person who wins on trivia games, the point of memory is not that. Remember every historical detail or who won a football match twenty years ago is not what will make you intelligent. On the contrary, an intelligent person is the one who can make decisions given the circumstances, the one who can tell what's useful and what's not, and, after all, the one who is able of forgetting some information.

This is something that’s been quoted before. Back in 2007, some researchers used fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) to monitor the brains of twenty healthy adults while they were performing a simple memory test. The study suggested that people were better at recalling conflicting information, rather than repeating or easy information.

As Michael Anderson of the University of Oregon had told New Scientist at the time, being forgettable serves a good functional goal.

Richards' latest study, with his colleague Paul Frankland, produced no experimental evidence. Instead, they studied previously published papers to come to a conclusion. What they discovered was plenty of evidence that being forgetful is rather useful.

There are several advantages to this. For one, the brain tries to get rid of old useless information, such as an old password. If it’s continually bringing up old things we don’t need anymore, it’s more difficult to make a concrete decision. Forgetting also makes it easier for us to generalize previous events, such as multiple visits to a shop, rather than recalling every simple detail from each visit.

One example Richards and Frankland refer to is an experiment where mice searched for the exit to a maze, as noted by Science Alert. Each time the exit was moved, the mice could find it faster if they were drugged to forget where the old exit was located.

So next time you’re struggling at the pub quiz, don't be devastated. Your brain may just be waiting for more useful information.

Would You Prefer To Have A High EQ Or Be Mentally Strong? Learn The Differences!

Tue, 2017-08-08 13:45

Have you ever asked yourself about the difference between emotional intelligence and mental strength? It's a thought-provoking question because there are many misunderstandings about what it really means to be mentally strong and many myths about how you can develop emotional intelligence.

So, What Is Emotional Intelligence?
The definition of the term 'emotional intelligence' has shifted over the years. According to the Cambridge Dictionary's basic definition, emotional intelligence is the ability to understand the way other people feel and react and to use this ability to make correct judgments and to avoid or solve issues.

Although the concept of emotional intelligence appeared in the 1960s, it didn't become widely famous until 1995, when Daniel Goleman published the book 'Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ,' which became a bestseller.

However, over the years, many people have misunderstood Goleman's statements. While he argues that emotional intelligence can offer a competitive advantage in certain environments, he also notes that a high EQ won't necessarily lead you to higher academic achievement or better SAT scores, since those things depend more on IQ.

Goleman identified five basic components of EQ:

  • Self-awareness. The ability to notice and understand your emotions and drives, as well as their effect on other people.
  • Internal motivation. A passion for work that goes far beyond money and status, like an inner vision of what is significant in life or the joy of doing something useful.
  • Self-regulation. The ability to redirect disruptive impulses and moods, and to think before acting.
  • Empathy. The ability to recognize the emotional makeup of others and the willingness to behave to them according to their emotional reactions.
  • Social skills. These include proficiency in managing relationships and the ability to build rapport with other people by finding common ground.

And, What is Mental Strength?
The term mental strength is frequently used interchangeably with mental toughness. However, depending on how someone defines mental toughness, there is a good chance that the two terms aren't the same thing.

Mental toughness is mostly used when people are referring to others like elite athletes or Navy SEALs; many of them are testing their bodies to their limits by checking how much pain they can endure. However, most of us won't need to run on a broken ankle or physically intimidate our opponents. It's a type of toughness that isn't a skill most of us need in our everyday lives.

Being mentally strong doesn't mean acting tough. It's about being aware of your feelings and emotions, learning from difficult experiences, and living accordingly to your values.

Mental strength has three basic components:

  • Regulating your thoughts. This involves learning how to train your mind to think in a useful way. That might mean ignoring self-doubt and replacing self-criticism with self-compassion.
  • Managing your emotions. Being aware of your feelings lets you understand how those emotions affect the way you think and behave. It might include embracing your emotions—even when they're uncomfortable—or it might be about acting contrary to your feelings when they don't serve you well.
  • Behaving productively. Deciding to take action that will make your life better, even when you struggle with motivation and delayed gratification, is the key to becoming mentally strong.

The Difference Between The Two
Emotional intelligence is a part of mental strength. However, mental strength goes beyond feelings and addresses the thoughts and actions that affect the total quality of your life.

Mental strength includes developing everyday habits that build mental muscle. Also, it includes giving up bad habits that hold you back.

The good news is that anyone can increase their EQ and build mental strength. Those skills will serve you well not only professionally, but also personally.

References:, PsychologyToday

If You Want To Be Happy, You Should Ask Yourself The Same Question Every Day

Tue, 2017-08-08 13:42

Getty Images
When you wake up in the morning, what pops into your mind first?

Do you start thinking about all the work you should do? The emails you should reply to, the pile of paperwork on your desk that you have to complete, or maybe it's the housework that you still haven't done?


Do you think about all the things that make you happy? The kiss your little son or daughter is going to give you before leaving for school, the hug your partner will greet you with when you return home, or the fact that, although you might not have everything you desire, you're still doing just fine?

According to Albert Einstein,

"The most important decision we make is whether we believe we live in a friendly or a hostile universe."
So, is the world you live in friendly or hostile? It's up to you to decide.

And you should make this decision every single day.

Wake up and ask yourself: "Do I live in a good or a bad world?"

Whether you view your world as friendly or hostile impacts your attitude as you live each day.

You become more understanding when you see things happen that you didn't necessarily expect.

Somebody cuts you off in traffic? It's ok. At least they didn't hit you, so it's not the end of the world.

Is there a tourist walking slowly in front of you on the roads of New York City? Be patient! Enjoy this given 'extra' time instead of whining.

By beginning your day with a conscious decision that the world is friendly, you're less likely to react negatively each time things don't go your way. You become a little more patient. A little more hopeful.

Positive thinking brings positive feelings.

Plus, how you see your day right at its onset can also affect how many positive things will happen as the day progresses.

According to Susan Reynolds, co-author of Train Your Brain to Get Happy, "feeling pleasure can be so stimulating for your brain that it is primed to respond to pleasure in a way that reinforces that pleasure."

This means that the more good you search out in the world, the more good you will receive in return.

When you wake up and decide (consciously or unconsciously) to live in a hostile world, you go through your day much differently. You get frustrated when you wind up behind someone who's walking super slowly or when you get stuck in traffic. Standing in line at a store feels like an eternity, and everything you do seems ten times more difficult.

Nothing works out as it should, and you are constantly expecting things to go wrong (which they usually will); all these things "prove" that the world is a hostile place.

So, it's obviously better to try and be optimistic when your day begins. It's also good for you physically.

Deciding to think positively provides a lot of great health benefits. It reduces the risk of depression, decreases anxiety, and even makes you more resilient against any bug that's going around. Those who look at the bright side of life tend to live longer as they have an easier time coping with everyday life's stressors.

Of course, it's really easy to get stuck in negativity, especially with everything currently going on in this world. You can't go through your social media feeds without noticing several posts of all the things that are going "wrong."

However, feeling that way prevents you from being happy. It prevents you from reaching higher levels of success as negative thinking has been associated with a reduced ability to think creatively and even respond to life in a healthy way.

If you want to improve yourself, thinking positive first thing in the morning is the best way to get there.

But how can you do that?

If this whole "positivity" thing sounds new to you, here are some tips to help you concentrate more on the good than the bad:

  • Select words and statements that reflect a positive attitude, like: "I will have a good day" or "I'm excited about today."
  • Focus on things that make you smile:"I look forward to seeing my partner today!" or "I can't wait to see where my project at work takes me!"
  • Appreciate the good things in your world, like your health, your family, your friends.
  • Spend more time with positive people. That will make it easier for you to be positive yourself!

It's never going to be 100%, but if you focus on the good just a bit more, you are making progress. It's all about baby steps.

When you wake up tomorrow, don't forget to ask yourself this question:

"Do I live in a good world or a bad world?"

And you should know that you do have a choice. Do yourself a favor and select the good. It will make you happier and healthier.

This Is Why People Are Getting Lonelier Nowadays

Tue, 2017-08-08 13:41

It's true that nowadays people have become lonelier.

As the General Social Survey discovered, the number of Americans with no real close friends has tripled since 1985. It's devastating, but, as a quarter of those surveyed reported, the most common number of confidants is 'zero'. Likewise, the average number of people most Americans feel they can speak to about "serious matters" has declined from three to two.

Mysteriously enough, loneliness appears most prevalent amongst millennials. But what could be the reason why?

One possible explanation is that loneliness is contagious. A 2009 study used data collected from around 5,000 people and their offspring from Framingham in Massachusetts since 1948 and discovered that participants are 52% more likely to be lonely if somebody they’re directly related to (a friend, neighbor, co-worker, or family member for instance) is lonely too. So, even people who aren’t lonely tend to start becoming lonelier if they’re surrounded people who are.

This happens because lonely people find it harder to pick up on positive social stimuli, such others' attention and commitment signals, so they tend to withdraw prematurely – in many cases before they actually become socially isolated. Their inexplicable withdrawal might, in turn, make their close connections also feel lonely. In addition, lonely people tend to become less trusting but more hostile; this might further sever social ties and cause others to feel lonely as well.

Loneliness, just like any type of contagion, is toxic. Lonely adolescents present more social stress compared to those who don't feel lonely at all. Also, individuals who feel lonely have reasonably higher Epstein-Barr virus antibodies (aka the key player in mononucleosis). Also, lonely women literally feel hungrier. Finally, people who feel lonely have a higher risk of death by 26%, while their risk of dying from heart disease is doubled.

Nevertheless, if loneliness is inherently contagious, what's the reason for the so called millennial loneliness?

Well, now the contagion is easier since the Internet makes loneliness viral. It isn't a coincidence that loneliness started to surge just two years after Apple launched its first personal computer and, also, five years before the World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee.

The irony is that most people use the Internet to alleviate their loneliness. Nowadays, social connection only takes a simple 'click'. And, if you imagine that World of Warcraft players feel less social anxiety when online than in the real world, this 'click' seems to work pretty well.

However, we need to keep in mind that the social satisfaction the Internet enhances is temporary. The more lonely people find salvation when they go online, the more they tend to feel isolated or depressed when they're offline.

This explains how the Internet could eventually isolate us from our social circle. One reason why the Internet makes us lonelier is the fact that we try to substitute real relationships with online relationships. Although we temporarily feel better when we make 'e-friends', these contacts are mostly superficial and ultimately dissatisfying. Online social connections cannot be an effective alternative for 'real' social interactions.

One other reason why excessive Internet use increases feelings of loneliness is the fact that disconnects us from reality. According to research, lonely people use the Internet to “feel totally absorbed online”; this is a state that inevitably steals time and energy that could otherwise be used for social activities or for building more fulfilling relationships in the 'real' world.

The lonelier we feel, the more we go online, trying to find a virtual escape from loneliness. That's our generation, the people who learned to self-soothe with technology at a young age. Even the job sector now encourages people to work alone in many ways such as freelancing.

What we need to understand is that the Internet can't replace real connectivity. We need to drastically face our loneliness and make it go away, not drown in it and take other people with us as well.

Mother Refused To Give Up Her Disabled Son... 29 Years Later, He's A Harvard Law Student!

Mon, 2017-08-07 13:00

When Zou Hongyan welcomed her only child to the world in 1988, terrible birth complications left the little boy disabled for life with cerebral palsy. Doctors in her native Hubei province advised her to give him up, an opinion that even her own husband shared because they believed the boy would live a miserable, worthless life. Nevertheless, Zou, rejected their claims, divorced her son’s father, and made it her life's purpose of treating and supporting her little boy when nobody else would.

Zou had to work at least three jobs at the same time to support their small family, including protocol training and insurance sales. She also had to play brain-boosting games with her kid to stimulate his senses and boost the foundations of his intelligence. She even decided to teach him how to use chopsticks although his stiff hands could barely grip them.

As she told the South China Morning Post, she didn't want her son to feel ashamed about his physical problems. “Because he had inferior abilities in many areas, I was quite strict on him to work hard to catch up where he had difficulties.”

After 29 years, that same boy – Ding Ding – is now a Peking University graduate and has earned a bachelor’s degree in environmental sciences and engineering. Also, he's recently become a Harvard Law student. We can only imagine how proud his hardworking mother is of her son’s unbelievable progress, and how grateful Ding Ding must be to the person who loved him and supported him this much. (h/t)

Readers of Hongyan’s unbelievable story have since showered her with heartwarming posts:

Notice These Possible Cancer Signs Before It's Too Late

Mon, 2017-08-07 12:59

Most people might ignore cancer symptoms as they can be written off as nothing serious in the early stages. Nevertheless, if you have a family history of cancer, it’s advised to pay attention to your body. In case you are at a higher risk, you need to recognize any minor changes in your body. There are not many awareness campaigns for all types of cancer, but the following list includes symptoms and signs that you need to be aware of. While some symptoms are cancer specific, some others are universal signs.

Lumps, for instance, are one of the most universal of all cancer symptoms. In case you feel a lump that doesn't belong, you should have it checked out. Lumps can be discovered during your everyday shower. Soap yourself down and run your fingers carefully over your body. If you discover something out of place, there's no need to panic, as some lumps are benign. However, if a lump has grown or changed, it might be a sign you need to check.

If you are urinating more often than the usual, your body may be trying to warn you of an issue. Frequent urination is a symptom of several other health issues like diabetes. Nevertheless, if the urination is painful, that's a sign that something is going wrong. Consult your doctor because changes in urination can also warn both prostate or bladder cancer.

One of the most frequently overlooked cancer symptoms is changes in bowel movements. In case you experience bouts of diarrhea or constipation, then your body may be warning you of a major problem. You should pay attention to your stool size. If you feel persistent pain in the abdominal area, you should visit your physician.

Indigestion is another symptom of various health issues, but it can also be a symptom of cancer. If you suffer from heartburn or pain after eating, your body could be warning you about upper digestive tract cancer. Additional signs could be difficulty swallowing and constant stomach pain. If you eat too many antacids, you might need to be checked out.

Moreover, sores that don’t belong might be easily overlooked as possible cancer symptoms. Nevertheless, skin cancer and oral cancer are frequently diagnosed from the sores. Sores on the genital area should never be overlooked. Cancer of the genital area is frequently diagnosed when a person has a sore checked out.

If you're losing weight, without being on a diet, you might need to be checked for cancer. Cancer steals all the nutrients, so your body starts losing pounds. If you lose more than ten pounds of weight for no reason, you should be seen by your physician immediately. Cancers that steal your weight involve stomach, pancreas, lung, or esophagus cancers.

Also, if you find yourself running fever but you don't know the reason, it could be a sign that your body is trying to fight off cancer. If cancer spreads from its origination point, then your body begins to trigger the fever alert. Cancer leads the immune system to break down and, so, infection invades. Fever is a starting sign of lymphoma or leukemia.

Another symptom of cancer that is usually overlooked is fatigue. Fatigue is common in people who are afflicted with leukemia or other types of cancer of the blood. The body also becomes exhausted when you lose blood. Colon cancer leads to blood loss and a beginning symptom of this particular type of cancer is fatigue. If you feel extremely tired, you might need to go to the doctor.

Pain can also be a symptom of cancer. If you hurt for no obvious reason, you need to be checked out. In case you are injured and hurting, then that's just a normal type of pain that will subside with rest. But if you are continually hurting and it doesn't go away, your body may be sending a warning. Excessive headaches, stomach pains, and bone pains might be indicative of cancer. Listen to your body and heed this warning sign by visiting the doctor.

Changes on the skin color can also indicate cancer. If you appear to have jaundice, your liver may be affected. If you are itchy, your body may be hiding cancer inside. Some types of cancer produce substances that make you itch. In case your skin turns red or yellow, make sure to see a doctor as soon as possible.

Blood in the urine is another signal that you shouldn't. If you spot blood in your urine, you might have an infection or even cancer. It might be a sign of prostate cancer or bladder cancer. Urinary leaks or inability to urinate are critical warning signs to notice.

Bleeding moles can also be a sign of cancer. If the mole bleeds or changes shape and size, then you should rush to the doctor. These kinds of sores can reveal cancer beneath them. Skin is the biggest organ of the body, and it can be attacked by cancer cells as well.

Stick out your tongue to check for another symptom: in case your tongue seems to have white patches, you may be able to catch mouth cancer early. Those who smoke or chew tobacco most frequently have the leukoplakia. If it's caught early, cancer could be stopped before it begins. If you notice a white patch on your cheeks or tongue, go straight to the doctor.

Bleeding from the nipple is also a sign of cancer, possibly breast cancer. If you bleed abnormally from the vaginal area, you may have cervical cancer or endometrial cancer. If you are coughing up blood, it could be a lung problem. Blood in the stool might be a cancer indicator as well.

Difficulty in swallowing is also a symptom which you should recognize as a possibility for cancer. Tumors can be blocking the throat or esophagus. In case you feel that the food you eat sticks to your throat, go to the doctor as soon as possible. This is not normal, and your body may be warning you of a cancer of the esophagus or stomach.

While freckles are usually harmless aberrations on the skin, you should be really careful if they change, since they can indicate cancer. If moles or warts change color and shape, have them checked immediately, because they could indicate melanoma. Squamous cell carcinoma seems to be a wart or an open sore with a crusty surface.

Continual coughing is another sign of lung cancer. It could be a result of allergies, but in case the cough lasts, you need to be checked by a physician. Shortness of breath and chest pain are symptoms which tag along with cancer's chronic cough as well.

Chronic acid reflux can also be a sign of esophageal cancer. If you can report the acid reflux to the doctor as soon as possible, then you can prevent cancer from growing. The lining of the esophagus is fragile, while exposure to stomach acid leads to Barret’s esophagus, a precancerous condition. So, don’t overlook the acid reflux, as it could be a major issue.

Breathing issues, such as shortness of breath, aren't normal. If you can’t walk far without feeling exhausted, you should be checked out immediately. Lung damage can be caused by cancer, while breast cancer and bowel cancer frequently spread to the lungs.

People usually overlook other symptoms of cancer, such as unreasonable night sweats. They might seem harmless, but waking up sweaty could indicate that cancer is growing.

Joint pain is often common when you've overused or overextended a joint. Nevertheless, joint pain without an obvious cause isn't normal. If you experience unexplained joint pain, go to the doctor as fast as possible. Your body may be warning you about a cancer problem!

A combination of back pain, pelvic pain, and bloating can indicate ovarian cancer. If you have these symptoms, you need to be checked quickly. Ovarian cancer is hard both to diagnose and treat without heeding these symptoms. Knowing these typical symptoms could save your life.

Some types of cancer don’t have warning signs, but sometimes newly diagnosed cancers can be cured! Cancer is one of the most common causes of death. However, if you pay attention to the warning signs, you can save your life. You should also avoid risk factors such as smoking or high sun exposure.

Classic symptoms of cancer are usually overlooked because they might seem harmless. However, sometimes these 'innocent' symptoms reveal underlying conditions that could be deadly if left untreated. It is best to be cautious rather than letting it go and finding out you have a major problem later. Be proactive, even if you're wrong!

References:, Daily News

8 Hobbies That Will Boost Your Intelligence

Mon, 2017-08-07 12:57

For a very long time, the world believed that people are born with a certain level of intelligence, and the best they could do in life was to live up to their potential. However, scientists have now shown that we can increase this potential and enjoy ourselves in the process of becoming more intelligent. We now know that learning new skills allows the brain to create new neural pathways that make it work both faster and better.

Here is a list of 8 hobbies that can boost your intelligence.

1. Learn how to play a musical instrument.
Playing music boosts creativity, analytical skills, language, math, fine motor skills and, of course, intelligence. While these are all significant advantages, some people that all these, and many more, can be earned by playing sports. What playing musical instruments does that other hobbies don’t is boosting the corpus callosum that connects the hemispheres of the brain by building new connections.

An improved corpus callosum can lead to executive skills, memory, problem-solving and overall brain function, no matter how old you are.

2. Read a book.
The advantages of reading are the same whether you like reading Game of Thrones, Harry Potter or the Wall Street Journal. Reading lowers stress, makes you feel better about yourself, and expands all three types of intelligence — crystallized, fluid and emotional. That helps with problem-solving, putting different pieces of knowledge together, better navigate everyday life, finding patterns, understanding processes and precisely interpreting and responding to other people’s emotions.

At work, this means better realizing how to make things happen and better managerial skills.

3. Exercise regularly.
Occasional exercise on your own won't do the trick. Regular exercise, especially in a team, is much more effective than intense workouts now and then. When exercising regularly, the cells are filled with BDNF, a protein that strengthens memory, learning, focusing, concentration, and understanding. This is also frequently referred to as mental acuity.

Many scientists note that sitting down for long periods of time has the exact opposite effect and prevents our brain from functioning as well as it could.

4. Learn a foreign language.
Forget about solving puzzles to boost your memory and learn how to speak a new language instead. Research has proven that people who are bilingual find it easier to solve puzzles than those who speak only one language. Managing to learn new languages enables the brain to better perform every mentally demanding task. This involves the typical executive skills like planning or problem-solving.

Speaking at least two languages also improves your skill to monitor your environment and to better direct your attention to any process. Many people are told that due to the fact that executives speak many languages, learning Spanish or French would allow them to move up the ranks. Based on how the brain reacts to speaking new languages, it may be the other way around. Learning a new language may be the last missing connection people need to prepare their brain to take on C-level jobs.

5. Try to test your cumulative learning.
Many smart students in high school and college study a lot for their finals and seem like they've mastered the topic when the big day comes. The problem with that is students tend to forget these things quickly later because people are rarely if ever, required to recall that knowledge in the same way. One reason why studying a new language makes us more intelligent is because it requires cumulative learning. Since we need to recall our knowledge of a language over and over again, the grammar and vocabulary we learn are repeated many times as we try to improve our foreign language skills.

So, why not apply the concept of cumulative learning to everyday life and your work place by keeping track of every bit of knowledge you acquire? Begin integrating cumulative learning into your self-improvement effort.

6. Work out your brain.
Puzzles, riddles, sudoku, board games, video games, card games, and similar activities increase neuroplasticity. This encourages various changes in neural pathways and synapses that are basically the ability of the brain to be reorganized. When nerve cells respond in alternative ways, that boosts neuroplasticity, which gives us more ability to view things from different perspectives and understand cause and effect of behaviors and emotions.

7. Meditate.
The general idea of meditation is that the brain can develop more and you can do it on purpose. Various activities stimulate different areas of your brain so that you can work on becoming unbeatable at your powers as well as improving your weaknesses. Focusing self-improvement on the mind is a good idea for anybody who thinks they are at their professional peak, ambitious professionals and surely entrepreneurs who are looking to maximize their potential.

8. Play sports.
Both watching and playing sports is a fantastic way to make friends and feel better with your inner and outer self. It's a great way of exercising and socializing at the same. Knowing the rivalries or the cultural pastimes as well in an area is a quick and easy way to connect with other people. Whether it’s rugby, ice hockey, or football, following a team is the best way to strike up a conversation.

How A Child Can Build A Healthy Self-Esteem Without Becoming A Narcissist

Mon, 2017-08-07 12:55

Since the 1970s, the term “self-esteem” has really been a buzzword among parents, teachers, and psychologists. Parents feel like they need to instill self-esteem in their child if they want them to grow up as happy, healthy, and productive adults. Educators think that self-esteem is a key to academic success, that's why they twist criticism into praise to offer their students a sense of self-worth. Finally, psychologists advise clients with low self-esteem to simply "fake it till you make it," meaning that a sense of self-worth comes from within rather than from without.

According to researchers, there is a link between self-esteem and subjective well-being, as well as a general sense of happiness in life. Hence we realize the drive to develop self-esteem in the next generation. However, while conceding that the intentions are good, Dutch psychologists Eddie Brummelman, Sander Thomaes, and Constantine Sedikides discuss that the methods we usually use to increase self-esteem might be building a generation of monsters.

Among personality psychologists, there is a longstanding debate concerning whether personality is stable or whether it alters from time to time. Some psychologists say that personality traits are genetic and, so, present at birth. We can say this is the “solid” model—our personality might get nicks and dents as we go through life, but it maintains its overall shape. Other psychologists claim that our experiences shape our personality. This can be called the “fluid” model since our personality molds itself to varying circumstances throughout the lifespan.

Another group of psychologists takes a middle position. They claim that personality is fluid during childhood but sets by adolescence or early adulthood. This is the “Jell-O” model of personality. If you think that the way people behave as adults is depended on how they grew up as children, then you subscribe to the Jell-O model. (Otherwise, you would blame behavior on either genes or the current situation.)

According to Brummelman and his colleagues, there is some evidence for a genetic component to self-esteem and narcissism. Nevertheless, they also claim that the most significant factor lies in childhood interactions with family, teachers, and other important adults. Although self-esteem and narcissism have some similarities, the researchers argue that they are fundamentally different. Still, in trying to instill self-esteem in our kids, we might be encouraging narcissistic tendencies instead.

A simple explanation is that narcissism is just exaggerated self-esteem. However, researchers argue that the difference is bigger than that. Both self-esteem and narcissism depend on our perception of how other people evaluate us. Nevertheless, narcissists view their social world differently than people who just have a high self-esteem. This greatly depicts the way both categories of people think about themselves and others.

Narcissists see their social world as vertical. There is a pecking order, and everybody else is either above or below them. In a narcissist's world, there are no equals. The purpose of the narcissist is to get ahead—by hook or by crook—and they will use relationships to climb to the top.

On the contrary, people with high self-esteem view their social world as horizontal, which means all members are on an equal footing. They want to get along, not get ahead. They develop deep and intimate connections with others. In other words, they see relationships as ends in themselves, and not as a means to achieving supremacy or boosting their fragile sense of self-worth.

To summarize, narcissists view themselves as superiors, while people with high self-esteem see themselves as worthy. Signs of both self-esteem and narcissism start to appear approximately at the age of seven. This is the time when children start developing a global sense of self and the social perception skills to judge how they view others, and vice versa. During adolescence, the Jell-O of personality sets into either a self-esteem or narcissism mold.

Researchers, to test this theory, conducted a long-term study to measure children’s personality and observe how their parents interacted with them. They discovered that children who developed high self-esteem had parents who expressed fondness and affection for them without overly praising them. Nevertheless, kids who developed narcissistic tendencies grew up with parents who showered them with praise while comparing them with other, less 'successful,' children all the time. In other words, parental warmth led to self-esteem, while parental overvaluation inevitably led to narcissism.

Brummelman and his colleagues proposed several interventions to help kids build a high self-esteem without narcissistic tendencies: Firstly, they suggest that parents and teachers praise kids for their accomplishments without ever comparing them to their peers. The difference between “Excellent job!” and “You’re the best!” might be subtle, but the first conveys worthiness—the core of self-esteem—while the second conveys comparison and superiority—the core of narcissism. Secondly, parents should nudge kids away from narcissism by encouraging them to think about ways that they are equal to other peers rather than superior to them.

Another intervention the researchers proposed is aimed at kids who show signs of low self-esteem. These kids need their parents and teachers to help them properly interpret the remarks other people make about them. Those with low self-esteem, whether kids or adults, tend to dismiss praise and stick on criticisms. When still young, they need to be reassured that they are worthy of positive comments and that they should view criticism as constructive feedback.


Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., & Sedikides, C. (2016). Separating narcissism from self-esteem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 8-13.

David Ludden is the author of The Psychology of Language: An Integrated Approach (SAGE Publications).

If You Want To Learn More About A Person You Just Met, That's The Question You Should Ask Them

Sat, 2017-08-05 15:27

When you first meet somebody, a colleague or a new acquaintance, for instance, it’s difficult to judge their personality straight away.

This can be hard because most of us try to show the best version of themselves when meeting new people. They do this because they want to seem more attractive to others and it’s only when you get to know them better that you discover their faults.

So how can you know if it’s going to be worth the time and effort to speak to new people you meet?

You usually don’t, and that means people are wary of one another until they decide whether this relationship is going to last or not.

However, science may have the answer, as a new study claims one simple question can reveal an insight into a person’s personality: ask them what they think about somebody else.

According to Dustin Wood, a professor of psychology at Wake Forest University, our perceptions of others can show a lot about our own personality. For example, if we see more people positively, it can say a lot about our own positive traits.

How positively you see others can be a sign of how happy and content a person is with their own lives and how much they are loved and appreciated by other people.

Those who are maybe unhappy or unsatisfied with their lives will be more likely to give a negative view of other people. The same applies to the people who have higher levels of narcissism as well as the ones who are prone to antisocial behavior, as they tend to be very critical in their outlook.

As Wood noted: “A huge suite of negative personality traits is associated with viewing others negatively. The simple tendency to see people negatively indicates a greater likelihood of depression and various personality disorders.”

So, asking for somebody’s opinion about somebody else can also give you a good indication of the way they view themselves. The reason is the fact that most people usually tend to refer to traits that they recognize in themselves as well.

That means that it's worth remembering that when somebody describes other people, they could actually be presenting parts of their own personality.

Scientists Cure Diabetes In Mice With No Side Effects

Mon, 2017-07-24 18:30

A potential cure for Type 1 diabetes appeared on the horizon in San Antonio. The novel approach would also allow people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes to quit insulin shots.

Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center, which is now called UT Health San Antonio, made a discovery that increases the types of pancreatic cells that secrete insulin.

UT Health San Antonio researchers aim to reach human clinical trials in 3 years. However, to do so they should first test their strategy in large-animal studies, that will cost approximately $5 million.

These studies will foreshadow application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for Investigational New Drug (IND) approval, as Bruno Doiron, Ph.D., a co-inventor, stated.

The researchers received a U.S. patent in January, and UT Health San Antonio is spinning out a company to start commercialization.

Their strategy has cured diabetes in mice.

According to Dr. Doiron, assistant professor of medicine at UT Health, the strategy "worked perfectly. We cured mice for one year without any side effects. That's never been seen. But it's a mouse model, so caution is needed. We want to bring this to large animals that are closer to humans in physiology of the endocrine system."

As Ralph DeFronzo, M.D., professor of medicine and chief of the Division of Diabetes at UT Health, and co-inventor on the patent described the therapy:

"The pancreas has many other cell types besides beta cells, and our approach is to alter these cells so that they start to secrete insulin, but only in response to glucose [sugar]. This is basically just like beta cells."
Insulin, which reduces blood sugar, is only created by beta cells. Here's what happens in Type 1 diabetes: beta cells are destroyed by the immune system and, then, the person has no insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, beta cells fail, and insulin is lowered. At the same time in Type 2, the body doesn't use insulin in an efficient way.

The therapy is accomplished by a technique named gene transfer. A virus is used as a vector, or carrier, in order to introduce selected genes into the pancreas. The genes become incorporated and cause digestive enzymes and other cell types to make insulin.

Gene transfer using a viral vector has been approved approximately 50 times by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration to cure various diseases, Dr. DeFronzo noted. It is proven in curing rare childhood diseases, and Good Manufacturing Processes guarantee safety.

Contrary to beta cells, which the body rejects in Type 1 diabetes, the rest of cell populations of the pancreas co-exist with the body's immune defenses.

As Dr. DeFronzo said:

"If a Type 1 diabetic has been living with these cells for 30, 40 or 50 years, and all we're getting them to do is secrete insulin, we expect there to be no adverse immune response."
The second-by-second sugar control precisely regulates blood sugar in mice. This could be a great advance over traditional insulin therapy and some diabetes medications which drop blood sugar very low unless they are closely monitored.

"A major problem we have in the field of Type 1 diabetes is hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)," Dr. Doiron said. "The gene transfer we propose is remarkable because the altered cells match the characteristics of beta cells. Insulin is only released in response to glucose."
Provided by: University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Reference: Medical Express

14 Signs That Your Relationship Is Worth Keeping

Mon, 2017-07-24 18:22

Throughout our life, we will all date many different kinds of people. Some will be too nice, some too indifferent. Some will think we are the center of their whole world and some will become the center of ours. However, just once in our lifetime, we’ll meet this person who’ll stand out from all the others, who’ll make us wonder why there aren’t more of these people in this planet and who’ll truly be a high-quality partner.

If you've been lucky enough to meet such a person and be in a relationship with them, you must have noticed these signs that prove you should keep this person in your life:

1. They inspire you to reach your true potential and to follow greater things but without being too demanding about it. They won’t force you to achieve the things you should because they trust you enough to know that you’ll take the right decisions.

2. They don't play childish games or try to get you jealous. They don't have any insecurities about your relationship. They know what they are worth and they don't feel the need to keep proving it to you or themselves.

3. They don’t act like the whole world revolves around them. They want love and respect from you, and they're willing to offer you the same. They won’t expect you to suppress your feelings and desires just to keep them happy all the time.

4. They don't need you to be present in their life 24/7. They understand that you’re both two independent persons who have a life outside of your relationship as well. You both give each other space and time to invest in your friends, family, hobbies, and career.

5. They’ve never felt anxious about taking them to meet any of their friends or even their parents, for that matter. They are aware that they can carry themselves well and interact with all kinds of people. They are wise enough to know what topics to discuss with your family, and when they are with your friends, they can let loose, be nice and enjoy a good time.

6. They know how to take care of themselves. They never wanted a relationship just so they could depend on somebody for all kinds of physical, financial and mental support. On the contrary, they see you as an equal, to split all the bills, and to ensure that both of you are treated in a right and equal way.

7. Their social media presence is not something that they’ll ever need to hide or be embarrassed about. They know how to present themselves in front of people, whether it’s in person or on their computer screen.

8. They have strong opinions on almost every topic. And they’ll never shy down from expressing them just to avoid arguments or to keep everybody happy. However, this doesn’t mean that they’ll ever impose those opinions on you or anybody else. They are open to discussions, and any disagreement you have won’t turn into a raging battle.

9. You feel like the luckiest person in the world when you’re with them. Because one thing you are sure of is that somebody as amazing as them wouldn’t just date anyone. He/she is a strong independent person, and they aren't afraid of being on their own – so they must really like you if they have chosen to share their life with you!

10. If you ever have a fight or an argument, they won’t try to end it by putting the blame on you or by being passive aggressive. They realize that every situation is different and that you need to discuss the reason why you fight rather than trying to blame each other for everything.

11. They are sure about their purpose in life. They have defined goals and benchmarks for themselves, and they won’t get affected by any obstacles that come their way.

12. They can make you laugh. Everyone likes being around people who make them laugh. If the two of you share jokes and can laugh together even in stressful situations, you are very lucky to be with this keeper. Couples who laugh together are usually the happiest couples.

13. They are self-aware. People who know their flaws and try to improve them are the ones who will try for their relationship without giving up and without always putting the blame on the other person. No one is perfect so being able to see your own faults and try to fix them is a great quality.

14. They have integrity and can admit their faults. This is a sign of a keeper. Most people lie a lot, often in little ways, only to help others to feel good about themselves. Your keeper might tell a little white lie about silly stuff, but never the things that really matter.

Physicists Claim To Be Able To Realize The Dream Of A Time Machine

Mon, 2017-07-24 18:21

Physicists have thought of what they say is a mathematical model of a theoretical "time machine" - something like a box which can move backward and forwards through space and time.

As they state, the trick is to use the curvature of time and space in the Universe in order to bend time into a circle for the hypothetical passengers sitting in the box. That circle will let them travel in the future and the past.

Ben Tippett, theoretical physicist and mathematician from the University of British Columbia in Canada, and David Tsang, an astrophysicist at the University of Maryland, have used Einstein's theory of general relativity to discover a mathematical model of what they've named a Traversable Acausal Retrograde Domain in Space-time.

However, before we become crazy with the idea of time traveling, we should know, as the researchers note, that this won't be created tomorrow.

According to Tippett and Tsang, the materials required for a time machine to be built are... exotic and still undiscovered.

But what's their main idea?
The model is based on the thought that instead of seeing the Universe in 3 spatial dimensions, with the 4th dimension (time) separated, we could imagine those 4 dimensions simultaneously.

That would let us consider the chance of a space and time continuum, where all different directions in space and time are connected in the curved fabric of the Universe.

Einstein's theory of relativity connects gravitational effects in the Universe to a curvature of space and time.

If space and time were uncurved, planets would move in straight lines. However, according to the theory of relativity, the geometry of space and time becomes curved in the vicinity of high-mass objects, which instead makes planets to bend their paths and rotate around their star.

What Tippett and Tsang discuss is that it's not only physical space that can be bent and twisted within the Universe; time itself can also twist in the vicinity of high-mass objects.

To harness this theoretical property, the physicists suggest creating a type of 'bubble' of space-time geometry, that carries whatever is inside it through space-time along with a large circular path.

In case this bubble can hit speeds greater than the speed of light - which, according to the physicists is mathematically possible - that would let it move backward in time.

You can see the main idea in the picture below, with a passenger into the bubble/time machine (that's person A), and an external observer who is standing beside it (that's person B).

The arrow of time - which in our Universe always points forward, making the present coming after the past - is shown by the black arrows:

B. K. Tippett et. al.
Both person A and person B are experiencing time in totally different ways.

Unfortunately, Tippett and Tsang's idea still lacks the right materials needed for a time machine to be built.

Their idea recalls a former theoretical time machine - the Alcubierre drive, that would also use a shell transport passengers through time-space.

Both ideas can't be realized without some thinking on how to actually produce these materials. However, as Tippett points out, people are never going to stop exploring the possibilities of time travel, since it's a field "both fascinating and problematic,".

The research has been published in Classical and Quantum Gravity.

Reference: Science Alert

Written by Katerina Papakyriakopoulou


If You Ever Were A Victim Of Narcissistic Abuse, You Could Possibly Recognize One Of These Anxiety Disorders

Mon, 2017-07-24 18:17

If you have ever experienced any kind of narcissistic abuse, then you must've tried hard to get over all the pain this experience leaves behind.

Most people who interact with narcissistic abusers find it hard to recover, and, especially if the abuse was taking place for many years, the victims end up suffering from some well-known anxiety disorders.

Here are some of them:

1) Agoraphobia
People who suffer from agoraphobia usually fear and avoid places or situations that may cause them to panic and make them feel trapped, helpless or embarrassed.

2) Panic disorder
Panic disorder involves perpetual episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety or terror that can become panic attacks within minutes. People who suffer from panic disorders have emotions of impending doom, shortness of breath, chest pain, or heart palpitations. People who have suffered from panic attacks often avoid the situations in which they occurred out of fear that they could happen again

3) Separation anxiety disorder
Separation anxiety disorder begins as a childhood disorder characterized by anxiety that’s excessive for the kid’s developmental level and related to separation from the family. Even though it's childhood disorder, adults who have been victims of emotional abuse, can often present symptoms that resemble the fear of separation.

4) Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, is very similar to agoraphobia and includes high levels of anxiety, fear, and avoidance of most social situations. People who suffer from social phobia usually have to deal with feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being criticized by others. These negative feelings are sometimes related to past experiences of narcissistic abuse, as it's well known that narcissist love intimidating and constantly judging their victim.

5) Generalized anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder involves constant and intense anxiety about activities or events — even ordinary, everyday issues. This type of anxiety is out of proportion to the actual circumstance, is hard to control, and also affects how you feel physically. It usually occurs together with other anxiety disorders or even depression.

Hawaii Is Opening The Way For Universal Basic Income

Mon, 2017-07-24 18:14

Hawaii has recently shown that it might be the U.S.’s most forward-thinking state. In June, it became the first state to accept the provisions of the Paris Climate Accord officially, after US President Donald Trump withdrew the nation from it. Now, the state congress has passed a bill for the support of universal basic income.

Innovation and forward-thinking might be Hawaii’s two biggest exports for 2017. After being the first in the U.S. to officially accept the provisions of the Paris Climate Agreement, Hawaii is currently taking the lead in embracing one more innovative idea: universal basic income (UBI).

Hawaii state representative Chris Lee wrote a Reddit post about House Concurrent Resolution 89, a bill he says he introduced to “start a conversation about our future.” According to Lee, “after much work and with the help of a few key colleagues, it passed both houses of the State Legislature unanimously.”

Lee also posted on Twitter:

Hawaii first state to declare everyone deserves basic financial security; begins eval of universal basic income #UBI

— Chris Lee (@chrisleeforhi) June 15, 2017
The bill is divided into two major provisions. First of all, it states that all families in Hawaii are entitled to basic financial security. As Lee wrote: “As far as I’m told, it’s the first time any state has made such a pronouncement”. The second provision establishes numerous government offices “to analyze our state’s economy and find ways to ensure all families have basic financial security, including an evaluation of different forms of a full or partial universal basic income.”

Under a UBI program, each citizen is granted a fixed income that doesn't depend on their status in life. Despite the current focus on the concept, it isn’t particularly new. In fact, former U.S. President Richard Nixon floated the idea back in 1969.

Nevertheless, the benefits of this program have become more appealing considering recent technological advances, as the adoption of automated systems that could lead to widespread unemployment.

Hawaii might be the first U.S. state to pass any kind of UBI-positive legislation. However, several countries around the world are already testing this system. Finland started its two-year UBI pilot in 2016, while Germany has one as well. Canada plans to begin trials in Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Ontario, and India is now debating the merits of UBI.

Reference: Futurism


25 Common Behaviors Of Someone Who Has Experienced Childhood Emotional Abuse

Sun, 2017-07-23 05:38

While we grow up, the behavior that we receive from our families is extremely related to our coping skills as adults. Victims of emotional abuse usually behave in a certain way that separates them from the rest. If you or somebody you know was a victim of abuse, then you might want to read more about these. Understanding where another person is coming from, or getting to know yourself better, can make all the difference.

1. Asking Questions Even When The Answer Is Obvious
If you have ever been a victim of abuse, you may doubt yourself every single time, even when you know you are right. Due to this, you mind find yourself asking a million questions, ene when the answers are obvious.

2. Apologize All The Time
Children of abuse might feel as though they weren't ever able to do anything right. As a result, they always apologize, even in their adult life, and even when they didn't do anything wrong.

3. Second Guessing Everything
When you have lived in a chaotic world of emotional abuse, you can never truly trust in anything. Instead, you might always be afraid of something bad happening or someone betraying you.

4. You Seem Tough But Are Very Sensitive
During a difficult childhood, you learn how to be tough, because you have to be. Nevertheless, you also experience a number of strong emotions at a young age, which cause you to be especially sensitive in your adult life.

5. It's Really Hard To Make A Decision
It's more difficult to make decisions if during your childhood you were told that you weren't good enough.

6. You Are Self-Disciplined
To combat a parent or caregiver that was constantly searching for your mistakes, you might become a perfectionist. You are timely, clean, and well-organized. Lots of victims of abuse tend to over-do because they want to people please.

7. You Are Sensitive To Loud Noises
If you have grown up in fear, you might be used to being yelled at, so that loud noises remind you of abuse.

8. You Are Introverted
So many victims of abuse are afraid of socializing with people, and might sometimes try to distance themselves as much as they can.

9. You Have A Defensive Nature
You might perceive people as negative or offensive because of your past abuse.

10. You Have Attachment Issues
That means fearing that others will leave you, or abandon you.

11. You Have Issues With Eye Contact
When talking, you might become anxious to the extent that you can't even make eye contact with the other person.

12. You Run Away From Conflict
You hate facing conflict, because it gives you immense anxiety. So, it feels easier for you to just leave the situation completely.

13. You Always Beat Yourself Up
After being abused, you might be used to some kind of repercussion for everything you've done wrong. In turn, you might be constantly bashing yourself.

14. You Find It Hard To Get Close To Other People
If you have been abused, you might not especially like people or be scared of them. Because of this, getting close to others isn't something simple for you.

15. You Are Quiet
You might not feel like you have a loud voice after you have been forced to feel so small and insignificant your whole life.

16. You Can't Take A Compliment
When someone says how wonderful you are, you might doubt their words, because you can't see any good in yourself.

17. You Have Very Low Self-Esteem
No matter what you do, you always doubt that you are capable of doing it. You don't believe in yourself as much as you should.

18. You Have Addiction Issues
According to science and psychology, victims of emotional abuse often face addiction issues. These can include alcohol, stealing, hard drugs, gambling, eating excessively, etc.

19. You Are Constantly Nervous
Everything worries you and makes you anxious. Even the smallest sign of trouble, you will feel overwhelmed.

20. You Often Feel Anger
Your entire life you sat back and watched a person treat you terribly, with anger and fury. In turn, you may now have outbursts of anger.

21. You Have Self-Harming Behaviors
Some abused children tend to abuse themselves later in life as they feel like they deserve it

22. You Have Constant Mood Swings
Living with a toxic person who abuses you can cause you to have many different emotions at the same time.

23. You Live In Auto-Pilot
You might notice that you sometimes forget entire conversations or events because you simply spaced out.

24. You Have Commitment Issues
Committing to people is more difficult when you have been abused. You may find it hard to trust others enough to settle with them.

25. You Are Humble
After all, when there is something good in your life, you know how to appreciate it. You are just stronger every day and grateful that the worst days are over.

Extremely Rare Dinosaur Fossil Resembling A Statue Was Discovered In Alberta

Sun, 2017-07-23 05:36

Robert Clark/ National Geographic
Most dinosaur fossils usually look like common stones to the casual observer. However, nobody would confuse the more than 110 million-year-old nodosaur fossil for a rock.

The fossil, unveiled at Canada's Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, is that well preserved it resembles a statue.

Even more shocking may be its accidental discovery which was published in the June issue of National Geographic magazine.

The story began on 21 March 2011, when Shawn Funk, who was digging in Alberta's Millennium Mine with a mechanical backhoe, s hit "something much harder than the surrounding rock."

He looked at the object closer and thought it resembled no rock he had ever seen.

What he had discovered was a 2,500-pound (1,130 kg) dinosaur fossil. He took it to the museum in Alberta, where technicians scraped extra rock from the fossilized bone and, then, experts examined the specimen.

Robert Clark/ National Geographic
It was the nose-to-hips portion of a nodosaur. It belongs in the group of heavy herbivores, which used to walk on four legs. The nodosaur, unlike its cousins in the ankylosaur subgroup, lacked a bony club at the end of its tail. Instead, it uses armor plates, thick knobs and two 20-inch (50 centimeters) spikes along its armored side for protection, as reported by the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History.

Robert Clark/ National Geographic
"These guys were like four-footed tanks," dinosaur tracker Ray Stanford said to The Washington Post in 2012.

This particular one was 18 feet (5.4 metre) long and weighed around 3,000 pounds (1,360 kilograms).

According to what Michael Greshko wrote for National Geographic, such level of preservation "is a rare as winning the lottery." He added:

"The more I look at it, the more mind-boggling it becomes. Fossilised remnants of skin still cover the bumpy armor plates dotting the animal's skull. Its right forefoot lies by its side, its five digits splayed upward. I can count the scales on its sole.

Caleb Brown, a postdoctoral researcher at the museum, grins at my astonishment. "We don't just have a skeleton," he tells me later. "We have a dinosaur as it would have been."

It was extremely lucky that this particular dinosaur was found in such a good condition.

Eventually, the creature floated out to the sea and sank to the bottom. Researchers think it was on a river's edge when a flood swept it downriver.

There, minerals fastly "infiltrated the skin and armor and cradled its back, ensuring that the dead nodosaur would keep its true-to-life form as eons' worth of rock piled atop it."

"Even partially complete skeletons remain elusive," Smithsonian reported.

References: The Washington Post, Science Alert